There are also shorter, mounding varieties of mums generally grouped as cushion mums
Common Name(s): Mums, Garden Mums, Hardy Mums
- Anemone: 1 or more rows of petals with a cushion-like center.
- Pompom: Familiar globular shape
- Regular Incurve: Petals curve up and in, forming a sphere
- Single or daisy: Looks like its cousin, the daisy
- Spider: Long, curled petals droop down and give a spider-like look
- Chrysanthemum Clara Curtis - Rubellum Group (hybrid) Long-lasting, early season, single or semi-double pink flowers
- C. Mary Stoker - Rubellum Group (hybrid) Early season, apricot yellow single flowerheads.
- C. Apricot Moneymaker - Mid-season Anemone style with bronze petals
Best if planted in the spring and allowed to become established. They refer a rich, well-drained soil, slightly on the alkaline side. Feeding every 3-4 weeks until buds set will improve flowering.
Maintenance: To promote a sturdy, bushier plant with lots of blooms, pinch off the top 1 to 2 inches of growth once taller varieties are at least 6 inches high; shorter varieties, 4 to 5 inches high. Continue pinching the tips every 3 - 4 weeks until early July in cooler climates, the end of July in warmer Zones.
Deadheading is only necessary in warmer climates, where the plants remain green. In areas that experience freezing winters, allowing the old foliage to remain until spring helps the plants survival. During cold, snowless winters, mulching will be necessary. Even then, theres no guarantee all your mums will make it, especially those planted in the fall.
If mums have not been hardy in your area, you could try potting them and moving them to a more protected area of the garden for the winter and return them to their intended spot in the spring.
Established mums can be dug and divided in spring, every 2 - 3 years as necessary.