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Hummingbird Plants

Plants that Attract Hummingbirds to Your Garden

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Seeing a hummingbird darting through your garden is as delightful as seeing your flowers burst into bloom. To attract hummingbirds and keep them coming back to your garden regularly, you will need to include a few hummingbird plants in your design. What makes a plant a hummingbird favorite? Basically it needs to be nectar rich and preferably tubular in shape. Below is a list of hummingbird plants that fit the bill. More tips for attracting hummingbirds to your garden.

Plants with an asterick (*) are great for containers or hanging baskets.

1. Agastache

Agastache rupestris
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

There are many varieties of Agastache, all of them are high in nectar. Agastache rupestris, shown here, is part of a group called the Hummingbird Mints. They are also buttefly magnets.

More border plants that are open invitations to hummingbirds are Bee Balm (Monarda hybrids), which also lives up to its name and attracts bees by the hivefull, and those towers of flowers, Delphinium, Hollyhocks and Foxgloves.

2. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Cardinal Flowers are a great choice for adding drama to a shady corner. Hummingbirds can spot their vivid red flowers no matter where you tuck them.  And they are native plants in many areas.

Another native plant choice, also great for partial shade, is red columbine. Red columbine is so sweet, children often compete with hummingbirds, pulling the flowers apart for that precious drop of nectar.

3. Coral Bells (Heuchera cultivars)

Coral Bells (Heuchera cultivars)
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Who would have thought the delicate flowers of coral bells would be large enough to attract hummingbirds? Coral bells are a favorite of hummingbirds, but they only bloom once a season and many gardeners cut them off, to put the energy into the plants leaves. If you want hummers to visit you, let them bloom.

 

There are many great perennials that will keep your hummingbirds happy. Choose a Hosta with beautiful flowers, like the sweet smelling Hosta plantaginea. Or try one of those long bloomers, Lupine, Larkspur and Liatris.

4. Four O'Clocks (Mirabilis jalapa)

4 O'Clocks (Mirabilis jalapa)
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Four O'Clocks do not open until late in the afternoon, but they are worth waiting for. Their tubular flowers are perfectly shaped for visiting hummingbirds.

 

If you'd like to get an earlier start, morning glories (Ipomoea tricolor) open with the sun and remain open until the afternoon heat. They also re-seed readily on their own, so although they are annuals, you often only need to plant them once.

5. *Fuchsia

Fuchsia Blossoms
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

There are more than 100 speciees of fuchsia. Most of them are tropcial or semi-tropical and are grown in many areas as annuals. The trailing varieties are perfect for hanging baskets and can attract a wide avriety of visiitors, wherever you hang them.

6. *Lantana (Lantana camara)

Lantana (Lantana camara)
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Lantana was once of the plants our readers recommened for novice gardeners. It is a striking plant and if you are lucky enought to be growing it in USDA Zone 8 or higher, you can grow it into a shrub or even a standard the size of a small tree. The rest of us can still enjoy it as an annual. It's also nice in conatiners.

For those in cooler climates, try Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus), also a woody shrub capable of being trained into a small tree and covered in flowers for weeks on end.

7. *Petunia

Petunia Blooms
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Who hasn't grown petunias? They're a garden staple. The flowers are also the perfect shape for a hummingbird dinner. Some of the newer varieties are not particularly fragrant and may no have as much nectar as the older open pollinated varieties, but give them a try.

Petunias are natural creepers and often used in hanging baskets. If you'd like a longer vine for trailing or climbing, some good choices in clude  *Canary Creeper (Tropaeolum peregrinum), *Cardinal Vine/Cypress Vine (Ipomoea sloteri) and the quick growing Scarlet Runner bean

8. *Savlia (Salvia cultivars)

Photo: © Marie Iannotti

New Salvia varieties are constantly being introduced and they are wonderful for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies to your gardens. Whether the blues of Mealy Cup Sage (Salvia farinacea), 'Black and Blue' Anise sage  (Salvia guaranitica) or scarlet  http://gardening.about.com/od/galleryofgardens/ig/Red-Flowers-and-Foliage/Salvia-coccinea--Lady-in-Red--.htm, these hummingbird plants will blue virtually non-stop throughout the season.

Although gardeners might take *Impatiens for granted, hummingbirds see them for the treat they are. Another annual hummingbird plants that has been in gardens for generations is *Nicotiana

9. *Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus)

Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus)
Photo: © Marie Iannotti

Snapdragon flowers only snap shut on children's fingers. Hummingbirds can navigate them with ease. Snapdragons are cool season bloomers, attracting the first hummers to visit your garden and making an encore at the end of the season.

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra species) are equally charming to both gardener and hummingbird and like snapdragons, prefer cool spring weather.

10. Weigela (Weigela cultivars)

Wine & Roses® Weigela (Weigela florida 'Alexandra')
Photo courtesy of Proven Winners - www.provenwinners.com

Weigela is making a big comeback, after being written off as a stuffy old shrub. New varieties have colorful and/or cut leaf foliage, giving them a long season of interest. Most also have flowers with the tubular shape favored by hummingbirds.

 

Flowering quince (Chaenomeles speciosa) is an even earlier bloomer, for the early bird, and butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) will bloom throughout most of the summer, [Note, buddleia has become invasive in some areas.]

Butterfly Bush
Flowering Quince

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